Students’ time budget for studies and paid jobs
Data on students’ time budget are based on self-reports of time spent on taught studies, personal study time, and paid jobs in a typical week in the lecture period. Students’ total time budget for these activities ranges from around 40 hours per week to more than 50 hours per week in some countries. On average, students spend the same amount of time on taught studies and personal study time: 17 hours per week on each, but variations exist at the national level. Students spend between 5 and 20 hours per week working in paid jobs, which makes up between 11 % and 39 % of their total time.
Compared to their counterparts, students without higher education background spend less time on study-related activities and more time on paid work. The same holds for older students (≥ 30 years), students not living with parents, students having accessed higher education through alternative routes, and delayed transition students.
Students’ time budget also varies according to the type of higher education institution and degree programme. University students, on average, spend at least 2 hours more per week on personal study time than students at non-universities. In contrast, students at non-universities spend more time following taught instruction and pursuing paid work. Master students tend to spend more time on personal studies and on paid work than in other programme types, while Bachelor students and students in long national degrees attend the most taught lessons.
An increase in time spent on paid work changes the time budget in two ways: time spent on study-related activities decreases, and the total time budget increases. On average, students working more tend to reduce the hours spent on personal studying to a greater extent than time spent on taught studies. In individual countries, the point at which paid jobs lead to a reduction in study time, the extent of the reduction, as well the type of activity which is reduced, may vary.
More detailed EUROSTUDENT VI results and analyses can be found in:
- EUROSTUDENT VI Synopsis of Indicators
- EUROSTUDENT VI Overview and selected findings
- EUROSTUDENT Database